Thales of Miletus

Thales of Miletus (c. 624 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer from Miletus.

Thales is recognized for breaking from the use of mythology to explain the world and the universe, and instead explaining natural objects and phenomena by theories and hypotheses, in a precursor to modern science.

Thales predicted the solar eclipse of May 28, 585 BC. It is not known how Thales was able to predict the Eclipse,but it is known that Thales of Miletus was one of the famous “Seven Sages of Greece.”

Thales found the height of pyramids by comparison between the lengths of the shadows cast by a person and by the pyramids.

Thales aimed to explain natural phenomena via rational hypotheses that referenced natural processes themselves. For example, rather than assuming that earthquakes were the result of supernatural whims Thales explained them by hypothesizing that the Earth floats on water and that earthquakes occur when the Earth is rocked by waves.

Thales thought all things are full of gods. Aristotle posits the origin of Thales thought on matter generally containing souls, to Thales thinking initially on the fact of, because magnets move iron, the presence of movement of matter indicated this matter contained life.

Thales’ hypothesis about the nature of all matter – that the originating principle of nature was a single material substance: water.

Thales’ hypothesis about the nature of all matter – that the originating principle of nature was a single material substance: water. Thales thought the Earth must be a flat disk which is floating in an expanse of water.

 

 

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