老子之道

 

老庄所说的“道”,尽管一个说“非常道”,一个说“不称”,但是他们都道了出来,都称了出来。他们口中的“道”有五个属性:1. 客观,2. 永恒,3. 万物起始,4. 独一且没有属性,5. 可得不可知

前三点都很好理解,第四点——没有属性怎么理解?什么是属性,高矮,胖瘦,大小,长短,生死,祸福,这都是属性。而道是独一的,其它的一切都是道的产物,道是没有并存没有对立的,如果没有比较,人是无法描述道的,无法描述则没有属性。想像一个人,从出生睁眼起一辈子只能在一个完全封闭的屋子里看到一个杯子,没有其它任何东西,他可以评价这杯子是美是丑吗?他可以评价这杯子是大杯子是小杯子吗?他可以评价这杯子是什么材料吗?他能知道这是一个杯子吗?显然不能。

于是老子说:“道这个名称是我为了描述它勉强冠上的名称。”虽然这个道不可知,但是因为我们是它的产物,所以顺藤摸瓜,在我们内心仍然可以找到这个道。 这就是老庄的“道”,基于这个道,针对先秦的人生和社会问题,他们提出:完美的人生完美的社会就是应当像这个道似的,消除属性的区分,没有贵贱,没有善恶。

道家是如何解释万物成因的?其实老庄的意思是:不知。但是他们又做了比喻:如母亲生子那样。老子更是说:“道生一,一生二,二生三,三生万物。”这句话的解释可谓众说纷纭。个人的倾向:“道”生出统一,但是有了统一就有了对立,于是就有了二,二者既有对立又有统一,于是就有了交叉的状态,就是三。于是万物有三个状态:正,反,或有正有反,唯独“道”和他们都不一样,“道”既没有正,也没有反,它没有属性。

The Allegory of the Cave

plato's cave
  1. Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think, and speak, etc., without (so far as they acknowledge) any awareness of his realm of Forms.
  2. The allegory of the cave is supposed to explain this.
  3. In the allegory, Plato likens people untutored in the Theory of Forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads. All they can see is the wall of the cave. Behind them burns a fire.  Between the fire and the prisoners there is a parapet, along which puppeteers can walk. The puppeteers, who are behind the prisoners, hold up puppets that cast shadows on the wall of the cave. The prisoners are unable to see these puppets, the real objects, that pass behind them. What the prisoners see and hear are shadows and echoes cast by objects that they do not see. Here is an illustration of Plato’s Cave:From Great Dialogues of Plato (Warmington and Rouse, eds.) New York, Signet Classics: 1999. p. 316.
  4. Such prisoners would mistake appearance for reality. They would think the things they see on the wall (the shadows) were real; they would know nothing of the real causes of the shadows.
  5. So when the prisoners talk, what are they talking about? If an object (a book, let us say) is carried past behind them, and it casts a shadow on the wall, and a prisoner says “I see a book,” what is he talking about?He thinks he is talking about a book, but he is really talking about a shadow. But he uses the word “book.” What does that refer to?
  6. Plato gives his answer at line (515b2). The text here has puzzled many editors, and it has been frequently emended. The translation in Grube/Reeve gets the point correctly:“And if they could talk to one another, don’t you think they’d suppose that the names they used applied to the things they see passing before them?”
  7. Plato’s point is that the prisoners would be mistaken. For they would be taking the terms in their language to refer to the shadows that pass before their eyes, rather than (as is correct, in Plato’s view) to the real things that cast the shadows.If a prisoner says “That’s a book” he thinks that the word “book” refers to the very thing he is looking at. But he would be wrong. He’s only looking at a shadow. The real referent of the word “book” he cannot see. To see it, he would have to turn his head around.
  8. Plato’s point: the general terms of our language are not “names” of the physical objects that we can see. They are actually names of things that we cannot see, things that we can only grasp with the mind.
  9. When the prisoners are released, they can turn their heads and see the real objects. Then they realize their error. What can we do that is analogous to turning our heads and seeing the causes of the shadows? We can come to grasp the Forms with our minds.
  10. Plato’s aim in the Republic is to describe what is necessary for us to achieve this reflective understanding. But even without it, it remains true that our very ability to think and to speak depends on the Forms. For the terms of the language we use get their meaning by “naming” the Forms that the objects we perceive participate in.
  11. The prisoners may learn what a book is by their experience with shadows of books. But they would be mistaken if they thought that the word “book” refers to something that any of them has ever seen.Likewise, we may acquire concepts by our perceptual experience of physical objects. But we would be mistaken if we thought that the concepts that we grasp were on the same level as the things we perceive.

Self-Transcendence

The main reason of everyones life, is to grow above the negativity of their own greedy, egoistic and negative ego perspective and to grow above the negativity of life, by formulating pure positive thoughts in good and bad situations, thoughts, which are good for you AND good for all other people in the world AND good for Nature.

This is the only way to create balance in yourself, balance between people and balance with Nature.

Transcendence starts with balance in yourself, balance in your thoughts. This balance is not an earthly balance. Because as you know on earth balance exist from two opposite forces as shown in the picture.

To be an extremely balanced person and you have 50% of the day negative thoughts and 50% of the day positive thoughts, you know this is not a definition of being balanced in yourself. Being balanced in yourself is to formulate 100% positive thoughts about good and bad situations in life.

Positive thoughts create positive emotions and feels great.
Negative thoughts create negative emotions and feels bad.

Every thought you have is an energy pattern, negative or positive. Have a look at this picture of frequencies and your emotions you choose, by formulating your thoughts during the days.

You see that negative thoughts create negative emotions and are of a low vibrating energy frequency. The positive thoughts you formulate are creating positive emotions and are high vibrating energy. How more positive thoughts you formulate consciously and subconsciously, how more expanded and enlightened you will become.

To attain transcendence you have to learn to control your thoughts in all situations in life. Most people when they encounter a situation in life, act on their already formulated subconscious thoughts. Most people have attained an egoistic, greedy and negative ego perspective that formulates most of the time their negative thoughts, which create negative emotions and feel bad. You can say they are on the automatically pilot.

There is guidance to help you find this path in life. Your human life is a school for the Soul. Did you ever wondered why intuition and conscience are always pure positive and always right and good for you and others?

Intuition and conscience is the voice of your pure positive Higher Self awareness, to guide you and to show you how to evolve in life.

Emotions are also a guidance. When you experience a negative emotion and feel bad, your Higher Self is letting you know, that you think something that is not good for you or other persons. That is how fears, worries, disappointments, shame, jealousy and many others start.

When you formulate all the time the right positive thoughts, you will never experience negative emotions, this is impossible. Than you have all the time to experience True Happiness in life and be in complete balance.

Than you will understand that this balance is from another immaterial pure positive dimension, where balance exist only of positive energy that vibrates on a low frequency (we call negative energy) or positive that vibrates on high frequency. When raise the frequency of your Souls energy, by formulating constantly pure positive thoughts, than you will experience love, unconditional love for everyone.